All Articles: EU Free Movement

Ending free movement overnight: what exactly is the government playing at?

Confusion abounds after Dominic Cummings sources close to Home Secretary Priti Patel told the Telegraph and Independent over the weekend that free movement of EU citizens would end the day after a no-deal exit on 31 October 2019. While at first glance ...

19th August 2019 By

This is how to stop Brexit causing a new Windrush scandal for EU citizens

Three years after the referendum, the more than three million EU citizens living in the UK still have no clarity on what their legal status will be after Brexit. It is uncertain whether the Brexit deal negotiated by Theresa May’s government (for ...

9th August 2019 By

What legal rights will EU citizens have after a no-deal Brexit?

With a ‘no-deal’ Brexit looking increasingly likely — and less than three months away – new research by Public Law Project (PLP) shows that EU citizens lack statutory protection for their rights. PLP’s new briefing on EU citizens’ righ ...

5th August 2019 By

12 years a litigant: Franco Vomero case returns to Supreme Court

The Supreme Court handed down its second judgment in the long-running case of Franco Vomero today. The latest instalment is Secretary of State for the Home Department v Franco Vomero [2019] UKSC 35. The facts Mr Vomero is Italian. He moved to the UK a ...

24th July 2019 By

EU settled status: the story so far

Over 900,000 people have applied for EU settled status so far. By the end of June 2019, the Home Office had processed 806,000 applications, granting full settled status in 65% of cases and pre-settled status in 35% of cases. The department says that n ...

23rd July 2019 By

EU Settlement Scheme ushers in a new era of automated decision-making at the Home Office

In the fraught context of Brexit, the need to register EU citizens already resident in the UK presents a major conundrum of policy, law, and administration. The government’s answer is the EU Settlement Scheme. It is expected that millions of peo ...

16th July 2019 By

Court of Appeal demands individual proportionality assessments for EU citizens detained pending deportation

The Home Office cannot detain an EU citizen pending deportation without first considering whether detention is “proportionate and necessary” under EU law, the Court of Appeal has said in R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Depar ...

15th July 2019 By

Tribunal blows hole in mandatory application process for EU law residence documents

In 2016 the Home Office embarked on an attempt to homogenise the application processes for immigration applications made under EU law and those made under UK law. The Upper Tribunal has confirmed in Rehman (EEA Regulations 2016 – specified evidence) ...

11th July 2019 By

Detention in a young offender institution can nullify enhanced protection against deportation

Detention in a young offender institution has much the same impact on an EU citizen’s enhanced protection against deportation as imprisonment in an adult jail, the Court of Appeal has held. The case is Secretary of State for the Home Department ...

26th June 2019 By

Extended family members denied an appeal can go ahead and lodge one

Banger (EEA: EFM – Right of Appeal) [2019] UKUT 194 (IAC) has finally reached the end of the road. This is the case that went up to the Court of Justice of the European Union on, essentially, two issues: Does the Surinder Singh route apply to du ...

24th June 2019 By

Supreme Court finds UK breached residence rights of hundreds of thousands of EU citizens

The Supreme Court has today dismissed the Home Office appeal in the case of Gubeladze [2019] UKSC 31. The judgment affects hundreds of thousands of EU citizens from the so-called Accession Eight (or “A8”) countries that joined the EU in ...

19th June 2019 By

MPs demand settled status backstop for EU citizens after Brexit

The government should guarantee the rights of EU citizens living in the UK through legislation to back up the flawed EU Settlement Scheme, an influential committee of MPs has said. In a report published today, the Home Affairs committee invokes the Wi ...

30th May 2019 By

200 Europeans a day applying for British citizenship amid Brexit fears

The June 2016 vote to leave the European Union has already had a major impact on Europeans living in the UK. Even though Brexit has not actually happened yet, there are now far fewer EU citizens coming to live in the UK than before the vote, and those ...

29th May 2019 By

What is the position of EU spouses of British citizens following Brexit?

The 2016 referendum sent shockwaves through the European community in the UK, but now that the dust has settled, the picture is far less alarming than appeared at first. Various groups who seemed particularly vulnerable in the wake of the vote, includ ...

21st May 2019 By

Big Home Office policy change: Zambrano carers need to make a human rights application first

On 2 May 2019, the Home Office published updated guidance on “derivative rights of residence”, which includes the rights of Zambrano carers. Buried in the 63-page document is a fundamental change of policy: potential Zambrano applicants must f ...

15th May 2019 By

Carer for 87-year-old British woman allowed to stay in the UK after Zambrano appeal

An adult primary carer of an British citizen can acquire a derivative right to reside under EU law, the Court of Appeal has said in MS (Malaysia) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 580. On the facts, it is surprising that the ...

12th April 2019 By

How will Brexit affect Irish citizens in the UK?

The UK government’s policy is that Brexit will not affect Irish citizens at all. Other European citizens have to apply for a new “settled status” or risk losing their right to live and work in the UK after it leaves the European Union. But the g ...

8th April 2019 By

Brexit delayed: what does it mean for lawyers?

The United Kingdom is not now leaving the European Union at 11pm on 29 March 2019. Brexit fans can rest assured that the game is still afoot: it will just take place on 12 April, or 22 May, or some future date giving time for a Norway-style single mar ...

29th March 2019 By

Unrecognised adoptions can attract EU free movement rights

Assiduous Free Movement readers and European law aficionados may remember the case of SM (Algeria) v Entry Clearance Officer [2018] UKSC 9, covered in this previous post. The case has now gone from the Supreme Court to the Court of Justice of the Eur ...

28th March 2019 By

No deal planning: Home Office forgets about Scotland

Depending on which pundit you speak to, a no-deal Brexit has either got more likely or less likely over the last couple of weeks. It remains the default if the UK-EU withdrawal agreement is not passed at the third time of asking, and a further extensi ...

26th March 2019 By

Receiving unsettling news: how to challenge the refusal of EU settled and pre-settled status

The settled status scheme for EU citizens to stay in the UK after Brexit is about to complete its last test phase and will be fully open on 30 March 2019. We have talked about how the Settlement Scheme operates here: How to apply for “settled status ...

22nd March 2019 By

How new immigration regulations will make it easier to deport EU citizens after Brexit

The draft Immigration, Nationality and Asylum (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, laid before Parliament on 11 February, make major changes to the law on deportation of European Economic Area and Turkish citizens after Brexit. They will kick in on the date of ...

13th March 2019 By

EU law “extended family members” get appeal rights under new regulations

This is significant: the Immigration (European Economic Area Nationals) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019. The most important of the changes are to give non-EU extended family members of EU citizens a right of appeal against refusal of a family permit or res ...

8th March 2019 By

The practical implications of a no-deal Brexit for British citizens travelling to the EU

Just weeks from the date that the EU and UK’s divorce is due to take place, the position of UK travellers to the EU remains foggy. The clock is ticking and Prime Minister May is still caught between the EU and her own government, struggling to reach ...

6th March 2019 By

Extended family members: no residence card, no rights

The Upper Tribunal has held that the non-EU partner of an EU citizen cannot start accruing time towards permanent residence status until they have a residence card, pointing out the well established distinction between family members and extended fami ...

26th February 2019 By

Briefing: how criminal convictions affect settled status for EU citizens

The EU Settlement Scheme scheme has been set up by the UK government for European residents to apply for “settled status” after Brexit. It is considered necessary because most citizens of European Union countries will lose their existing legal st ...

18th February 2019 By

Sweeping new immigration regulations herald the end of free movement

The government has published two draft sets of changes to UK immigration law to cater for the UK’s exit from the European Union. They include ending the “Dublin III” system under which asylum seekers are sent back to Calais and elsew ...

13th February 2019 By

Briefing: legal problems with the EU settled status automated residency checks

In this research piece, the Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association makes the case that the Home Office is subject to certain legal duties relating to the EU settled status automated data checks. These legal duties are: the public law duty to ...

1st February 2019 By
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