All Articles: EU Free Movement

Whether the right to reside test complies with EU law when applied to ‘family benefits’

Desmond Rutledge considers the Advocate General’s Opinion (C-308/14) on the EU Commission’s action against the United Kingdom’s use of the right to reside test. This post was originally published on the Garden Court Chambers Blog. The origins of ...

22nd October 2015 By

The Dano Effect: The restriction on benefits paid to EU citizens who are former workers

Desmond Rutledge examines the recent decision in Alimanovic (C-67/14) which holds that it is lawful for a Member State to restrict the period a former worker from another Member State can access benefits upon becoming involuntarily unemployed based o ...

21st October 2015 By

How long do pregnant women retain EU worker status?

Women who leave work for maternity reasons and return to work afterwards are not to be considered “workers” under European Union free movement law, the UK government argued in the case of Saint Prix v UK (Case C‑507/12). As I said at t ...

21st October 2015 By

No human rights in EEA appeals says Upper Tribunal

The Upper Tribunal has issued the much awaited case addressing whether human rights grounds can be argued in an EU rights of residence appeal. The determination is Amirteymour and others (EEA appeals; human rights) [2015] UKUT 466 (IAC) and the offici ...

21st September 2015 By

Reflecting EU law faithfully? R (Bilal Ahmed) v SSHD IJR [2015] UKUT 00436 (IAC)

UPDATE: Permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal seems to have been granted: Sales LJ grants permission to appeal from UT's recent decision in Bilal Ahmed) (EEA/s 10 appeal rights: effect) IJR: http://t.co/fbQLhZpxZq — Zane Malik (@MalikZ ...

14th September 2015 By

EU right of residence where a marriage ends plus source of self sufficiency

The new case of Kuldip Singh Case C‑218/14 is important on two separate issues: when non EU citizens might retain rights of residence in the event of divorce and on the source of self sufficiency in EU law. EU free movement law does not only apply ...

4th August 2015 By

What is happening to appeals in EU free movement rights cases?

It is all change for rights and grounds of appeal on 6 April 2015. The previous range of grounds of appeal, which included section 84(1)(d)of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 — “that the appellant is an EEA national or a ...

20th March 2015 By

Benefits to be withdrawn from EEA jobseekers previously unaffected by the January 2014 changes

In January 2014, the Government introduced a number of measures aimed at restricting EEA migrants’ access to income-based JSA. A key change was the introduction of a statutory presumption that entitlement to income-based JSA (‘JSA(IB)’) would be ...

24th February 2015 By

UK blatantly obstructing EU free movement rights with red tape

The UK is now blatantly obstructing EU free movement rights. As of 30 January 2015, a new Form EEA(FM) has been introduced for family members of EU nationals and of British citizens exercising Surinder Singh free movement rights. It is 129 pages long. ...

18th February 2015 By

New Zambrano case: Good news and bad news for Zambrano carers

Court of Appeal rules that the Zambrano status arises immediately and there is no need to show destitution. However, Zambrano carers have no entitlement to mainstream social assistance following the amendment to the habitual residence test in November ...

10th February 2015 By

McCarthy and EU family permits

Last year the Court of Justice of the European Union handed down judgment in the case of McCarthy v United Kingdom C-202/13. In some ways it is a very straightforward case: the UK is not permitted to require residence card holding family members of E ...

29th January 2015 By

Claiming damages for breaches of EU free movement rights

The Irish High Court has awarded a claimant over €100,000 in damages against the Irish government for breach of EU law free movement rights. The case is an example of the award of damages awarded for losses caused by a Member State breaching EU law ...

22nd January 2015 By

Existing EEA migrants at risk of destitution following the removal of Housing Benefit

New Social Security Advisory Committee Report voices concerns On 20 November 2014, the Social Security Advisory Committee (SSAC) published its Report on the regulations which remove entitlement to Housing Benefit for certain categories of European Eco ...

25th November 2014 By

Dano and the exclusion of inactive EU citizens from certain non-contributory social benefits

When the Grand Chamber handed down its judgment in Dano v Jobcenter Leipzig (C-333/13) on 11 November 2014, it was the subject of much media attention: Germany can deny benefits to jobless EU migrants, court rules (The Guardian), Landmark ECJ ruling ...

19th November 2014 By

Free movement in Europe

The line of the Berlin Wall, marked by lights here in this aerial photograph, is a vivid reminder of the importance of free movement of people, the greatest single achievement of the European Union. Walls, barriers, fences and quotas do not protect, t ...

9th November 2014 By

Renegotiating free movement within the EU

I was asked by a Polish media outlet for comment in this Boris Johnson piece on renegotiation of EU free movement rules and the idea of quotas. Here’s what I said: A quota for free movement of workers around Europe is impossible under the fundam ...

14th October 2014 By

Home Office refuses Surinder Singh case because applicant knows law

This just in from the marvellous BritCits: Furthermore, you have provided a detailed covering letter explaining why you qualify for an EEA Family Permit under Regulation 9. You have quoted case law and the rules concerning how long someone can wor ...

9th October 2014 By

Abuse of EU law and Surinder Singh

Some European Union member states are anxious that their own citizens should not circumvent their own sometimes very tough immigration rules by relying instead on EU free movement law. The UK is one such, and has been right from the start. At paragra ...

9th September 2014 By

EU to investigate UK interpretation of Surinder Singh

The EU Commission is fully au fait with the amendments the UK made to its EU free movement rules in January 2014 and has stated in a recent letter that the UK rules are incompatible with EU law. Further, the EU intends to contact the UK authorities to ...

2nd September 2014 By

New Surinder Singh ebook

Just a quick post to say that I’ve finished an ebook on Surinder Singh: EU free movement for British citizens. It covers how EU law works, goes over the judgments in Surinder Singh and O v Netherlands, examines the UK’s regulations and Home Of ...

30th July 2014 By

Proxy marriage and domicile

The idea of a “proxy marriage” is rather alien in the UK and our fairly recently developed romantic love culture. It involves one or both parties to a marriage being represented by someone else at the marriage ceremony rather than attendin ...

21st July 2014 By

New report on EU law casework at Home Office

Just a quick one to flag up a new report by Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration John Vine into the European Casework Directorate at the Home Office. The report is generally quite positive but the emphasis of the press release, introductory text ...

20th June 2014 By

Woman who temporarily gives up work for childbirth still a worker

Court of Justice of the European Union in Saint Prix v UK (Case C‑507/12): Article 45 TFEU must be interpreted as meaning that a woman who gives up work, or seeking work, because of the physical constraints of the late stages of pregnancy and the af ...

20th June 2014 By

Amendment to EEA regulations on worker status and job seeking

No, not an amendment to take account of the judgment in O v The Netherlands C‑456/12 (blog post: Surinder Singh immigration route) [ed: who knows how long we will have to wait for that] but one to try to limit the period during which an EU nationa ...

13th June 2014 By

Removal of entitlement to housing benefit for EEA jobseekers

On 19 January 2014, Iain Duncan Smith and Theresa May told the Daily Mail that Britain’s generous welfare system should no longer be a ‘magnet’ for citizens of other EU states and that they would be introducing a number of measures aimed at new ...

21st March 2014 By

Using the minimum earnings threshold to determine who is a ‘worker’

The Department of Work and Pensions has introduced the Minimum Earnings Threshold ‘(MET)’ as part of the decision making process for determining whether EEA nationals who claim income-based jobseeker’s allowance (JSA(IB)) have retained the statu ...

18th March 2014 By

New habitual residence test and the impact on returning UK nationals

The habitual residence test has been part of the benefits system since 1996.  Under the test, new entrants to the UK and returning nationals are required to show that they are habitually resident in the Common Travel Area (the UK, the Channel Islands ...

14th March 2014 By