All Articles: Points Based System

Immigration applicants cannot rely on telephone calls with Home Office

Immigration applicants cannot rely on telephone calls with Home Office operators, the Upper Tribunal has held in the case of R (on the application of Zia and Another) v Secretary of State for the Home Department IJR [2015] UKUT 191 (IAC). ...

19th May 2015 By

Genuine students and ECO interviews

Having just finished drafting grounds for judicial review in a case involving a refusal of a Tier 4 study application on the grounds that the applicant was not a “genuine student” I was interested to see the new case of R (on the applicat ...

17th May 2015 By

High Court finds Tier 1 Entrepreneur landline requirement irrational

The High Court has found part of the Tier 1 Entrepreneur rules to be irrational in the case of R (on the application of Sabir & Ors) & Anor v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWHC 264 (Admin). Despite succeeding ...

23rd March 2015 By

Court of Appeal condemns complexity of Points Based System

The Court of Appeal condemns the complexity of the Points Based System in the case of Hossain & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 207. Lord Justice Beatson says at paragraph 30: The detail, the number of documents th ...

16th March 2015 By

Genuineness test for entrepreneurs and new evidence on appeal

The case of Ahmed and Another (PBS: admissible evidence) [2014] UKUT 365 (IAC) concerns the ‘genuineness’ test that was introduced for entrepreneur applications as the final death knell for the original concept of the Points Based Syste ...

12th August 2014 By

MORE evidential flexibility cases

Having been overruled by the Court of Appeal in the case of Rodriguez [2014] EWCA Civ 2 (FM post here), Mr Justice McCloskey, President of the Immigration and Asylum Chamber of the Upper Tribunal, has returned to the vexed issue of ‘evidential ...

27th June 2014 By

Points Based System flexibility to be considered by Supreme Court

The case of Rodriguez, Mandalia and Patel [2014] EWCA Civ 2 is to be reconsidered by the Supreme Court, this months grants of permission reveals. The case concerns the ‘evidential flexibility’ policy that I think was first publicly reveal ...

12th June 2014 By

Educational Testing Service officially dropped from Immigration Rules

A new Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules (HC 198) corrects an earlier botched attempt to change the rules by fiat and remove discredited Educational Testing Services (ETS) as providers of the English language test needed for many modern im ...

10th June 2014 By

When is a rule not a rule? Students and veracity checks

This post has been contributed by, Vijay Jagadesham, who represented the College in Global Vision College Ltd v SSHD[2014] EWCA Civ 659. Readers would be forgiven for thinking that this question was clearly answered by the Supreme Court in the case ...

6th June 2014 By

Shebl (Entrepreneur: proof of contracts) [2014] UKUT 216 (IAC)

Official headnote: The requirement to prove the existence of “contracts” in paragraph 41-SD of Appendix A to the immigration rules does not itself require the contracts in question to be contained in documents. There is, however, a need for such c ...

16th May 2014 By

Evidential Inflexibility: SSHD v Rodriguez

In one of the earliest cases of the year, Secretary of State for the Home Department v Rodriguez [2014] EWCA Civ 2, the Court of Appeal has overturned the decision of the Upper Tribunal under the new president McCloskey J, Rodriguez (Flexibility P ...

29th January 2014 By

Lord Justice Jackson in Pokhriyal [2013] EWCA Civ 1568

The rules governing the PBS are set out in the Immigration Rules and the appendices to those rules. These provisions have now achieved a degree of complexity which even the Byzantine Emperors would have envied. Source ...

5th December 2013 By

New Statement of Changes to Immigration Rules CM 8690

Comes into force today. Clarifies that Tier 4 students on post graduate courses of 12 months or longer can sponsor family member dependants. TB screening introduced for those entering from Mauritania for over 6 months and TB screening only required ...

1st August 2013 By

Supreme Court upholds Points Based System sponsor licensing scheme

The Supreme Court has held the Points Based System’s sponsor licensing scheme is lawful. As Nicola Carter observes, sponsors may be disappointed with the result in R (on the application of New London College Ltd) v Secretary of State for the Hom ...

23rd July 2013 By

Khatel overturned

In the case of Secretary of State for the Home Department v Raju & Ors [2013] EWCA Civ 754 the Court of Appeal has overturned the Upper tribunal’s earlier judgment in Khatel and others (s85A; effect of continuing application) [2013] UKUT 44 ...

22nd July 2013 By

Kaur (Patel fairness: respondent’s policy) [2013] UKUT 344 (IAC)

Short case reiterating that Home Office has to act in accordance with its policies, including that designed to give effect to the earlier Patel case on the situation of students whose college has its sponsor licence suspended or withdrawn. Outgoing Pr ...

19th July 2013 By

New evidential flexibility policy

Rumours as to the death of the ‘evidential flexibility’ policy prove to have been exaggerated. A new version was recently published. Hat tip to Adam Pipe of No 8 Chambers in Birmingham. The policy covers the circumstances in which a Points ...

26th June 2013 By

Chikwamba delivers again

Last month saw the advent of a very useful decision from the High Court concerning the lack of provision in the Immigration Rules to allow migrants in the Points-Based System to switch whilst in-country into a PBS dependent category: Zhang, R (on the ...

28th May 2013 By

ACCA not a degree

ACCA not a degree says High Court Zane has suggested on Twitter he is appealing but this looks pretty authoritative, at least in cases that were decided before the Supreme Court decision in Alvi. Note that the claimant in this case, Syed, had to argue ...

29th April 2013 By

Baa humbug

Sheep shearer concession I kid you not. ...

9th April 2013 By

More changes to the Immigration Rules

Two Statements of Changes to bring to your attention, HC1038 and HC1039. On Monday 1 April 2013, HC1038 came into effect and can be viewed here. Far weightier are the changes contained in HC1039 which will be brought into force on Saturday 6 April 201 ...

4th April 2013 By

More Evidential Flexibility Policy instructions disclosed

A big thank you goes to Jane Heybroek of Bell Yard Chambers for persisting with her Freedom of Information request in relation to further documents concerning the Evidential Flexibility policy.  You can access the disclosure here.  The policy (but n ...

6th March 2013 By

Rodriguez (Flexibility Policy) [2013] UKUT 00042 (IAC)

Rodriguez (Flexibility Policy) [2013] UKUT 00042 (IAC). About as good as it could be. Appeals to be allowed where UK Border Agency Points Based System decisions fail to apply the evidential flexibility policy. ...

1st February 2013 By

Post Study Work and s.85A: applications continue until decided

The very recent reported case of Khatel and others (s85A; effect of continuing application) Nepal [2013] UKUT 44 (IAC) consolidates the on going issues in relation to Points Based System Tier 1 Post Study Work applications: the date of the award and ...

30th January 2013 By

More new rules…

On 22 November 2012 a new Statement of Changes was laid which brings in quite a few amendments to the Immigration Rules. A large proportion of those changes are yet again to clarify, correct and/or put into place what was apparently always intended wi ...

3rd December 2012 By

New Statement of Changes – sigh…

Yes another Statement of Changes – HC 565 –  has been laid and (hold your breath), most of it comes into force… today!  I am grateful to Alison Harvey at ILPA, whose hard-work is truly immeasurable:  an e-mail was sent out at 11p ...

6th September 2012 By

Evidential flexibility policy revealed

Further to Sarah Pinder’s earlier post on this subject, I have been provided with a copy of the infamous “PBS PROCESS INSTRUCTION EVIDENTIAL FLEXIBILITY” document in response to a Freedom of Information Request. I am very grateful to Jane H ...

30th July 2012 By

Pankina upheld by Supreme Court

[UPDATE: for more analysis see new post The Case of the Lost Prerogative] This is huge news in immigration law: the Supreme Court has dismissed the Home Office appeal in Alvi [2012] UKSC 33, upholding the earlier Court of Appeal judgment in Pankina. T ...

18th July 2012 By

No new evidence in Points Based System appeals

In another major end of term judgment the Court of Appeal has finally reviewed the legality of preventing reliance on new evidence at Points Based System appeals hearings. The case is Alam v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2012] EWCA Civ 9 ...

17th July 2012 By

Fairness and the Points-Based System: A contradiction in terms?

Kezia Tobin and Sarah Pinder recently broached this topic at a seminar given by Renaissance Chambers on 13 June 2012 digesting the procedural issues and most recent case-law involved and this post has been put together by them both to highlight some o ...

22nd June 2012 By

Immigration Rules Round-up: the new rules (6th April 2012) covered so you don’t have to

Theresa May announced substantive changes to the immigration rules, which would limit the number of immigrants entering the UK on the basis of marriage or having family members here. Some of the changes, coming into force on the 9th July 2012, were c ...

20th June 2012 By

Fairness to the rescue – Yes, again!

The trend is continuing with the fairly recent Upper Tribunal decision of Basnet (validity of application – respondent) [2012] UKUT 00113 (IAC).  This concerns applications rejected as invalid specifically due to a non-payment of the applicatio ...

30th April 2012 By

Section 85A commencement order doesn’t mean what it says

Far too late to be of use to anyone, the Upper Tribunal has held that the controversial commencement of section 85A did not affect appeals that had already been lodged. The case is Shahzad (s. 85A: commencement) Pakistan [2012] UKUT 81 (IAC). It was ...

23rd March 2012 By

Pankina and Beyond! Students and knowledge of English

I recently acted in an appeal concerning a Tier 4 Student application in which the sole reason for refusal concerned the appellant’s English language ability.  Since April 2011 all degree–level students have been required to show knowledge of Eng ...

1st March 2012 By

Guest worker era begins

In a slew of new documents published today the Government has heralded the end of quasi-automatic settlement for skilled foreign workers under Tier 2 of the Points Based System, the evisceration of the Overseas Domestic Worker scheme, some tinkering w ...

29th February 2012 By

Fairness to the rescue (again)

The latest case on fairness and the Secretary of State’s duty within the Points-Based System was published earlier last month.  Naved (Student – fairness – notice of points) [2012] UKUT 14(IAC) concerned a student applying for further leave to ...

15th February 2012 By

All change

A plethora of immigration tweaks were announced yesterday, mainly of a technical nature. There is still no sign of the introduction of a minimum income level nor the ending of Tier 2 settlement applications. It is beginning to seem likely that these w ...

14th February 2012 By