All Articles: Court of Appeal

Costs in public law cases: what counts as a win?

The issue of costs in immigration cases continues to vex the courts. It is supposed to be unusual for the higher courts to have to deal with costs issues but in recent years we have seen some very low quality and controversial costs decisions at first ...

17th May 2016 By

Court of Appeal unhappy with Home Office position and submissions in student case

“Technical”, “deeply unattractive”, “disingenuous”, “singularly lacks merit”, “ridiculous”, “inappropriate”, “extraordinary”. All words used by Elias or Vos LLJ to des ...

16th May 2016 By

Evidential flexibility policy is additional to the provisions of the Immigration Rules

In yet another case highlighting the absurdly hostile, bureaucratic and inflexible nature of the UK’s Points Based System the Court of Appeal has held that a Tier 1 Entrepreneur might benefit from a policy on evidential flexibility that was R ...

11th May 2016 By

Claimant duty of candour in judicial review proceedings

Hot on the heels of a new consultation on the duty of candour in judicial review proceedings, the Court of Appeal has handed down an important judgment on the same subject: R (on the application of Khan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2 ...

9th May 2016 By

Court of Appeal overturns President’s decision to allow deportation appeal

BL (Jamaica) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 357 is essentially an unhelpful judgment for convicted criminals arguing against deportation orders on Article 8 grounds. It overturned a McCloskey J and UTJ Perkins decisio ...

29th April 2016 By

No special rule for public authorities in litigation

In the case of Secretary of State for the Home Department v Begum [2016] EWCA Civ 122 the claimant was a Pakistani national aged 70. She had applied for leave to remain in the UK, her application had been refused by the Home Office and she had appeal ...

7th March 2016 By

Home Office fails in attempt to deport Italian man resident in UK for 60 years

The Court of Appeal has in the case of Secretary of State for the Home Department v Vassallo [2016] EWCA Civ 13 rejected the Home Secretary’s efforts to deport an Italian man who has been resident in the UK for more than 60 years. Benedetto Vassallo ...

25th February 2016 By

Rule imposing mandatory refusal for deception is not ultra vires says Court of Appeal

Rule imposing mandatory refusal for deception is not ultra vires says Court of Appeal. Unsurprisingly. A student was convicted for driving with excess alcohol and also for driving without due care and attention. He was made subject to a community ord ...

12th February 2016 By

Proper reasons must be given for totally without merit certificates

The Court of Appeal has returned to the issue of “totally without merit” certificates in judicial review cases. These certificates can be imposed by a judge who refuses permission for an application for judicial review on the papers and it ...

11th February 2016 By

Court of Appeal considers EU deportation, public revulsion and “imperative grounds”

In Secretary of State for the Home Department v Straszewski [2015] EWCA Civ 1245 (03 December 2015) Moore-Bick LJ, giving the leading judgment, finds that public revulsion is not generally relevant to decisions to deport under EU law. The facts Two c ...

6th January 2016 By

Waiting for legal aid not an excuse for missing time limits

In R (on the application of Kigen & Anor) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 1286 the Court of Appeal considers the question of whether waiting for the outcome of an application for legal aid funding made to the Legal ...

14th December 2015 By

When might deportation orders be revoked before 10 years is up?

Background The facts of Secretary of State for the Home Department v ZP (India) [2015] EWCA Civ 1197 involved some of the worst breaches of immigration law ever seen in a reported decision: overstaying a visit visa in 2002 then organising and taking p ...

14th December 2015 By

Court of Appeal rules burden for proving sham marriage rests with Home Office

The Court of Appeal has reiterated that the burden of proof for proving whether a marriage is a sham for immigration law purposes rests with the Home Office. The case is Agho v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 1198 and ...

9th December 2015 By

First successful entry clearance appeal on Article 10 free speech grounds

Jeremy Corbyn may be having a tough time since becoming leader of the Labour Party, but he can at least take some satisfaction in getting one over Theresa May in the Court of Appeal. The background facts are that a group of MPs and a peer had invited ...

1st December 2015 By

Legal aid residence test found lawful by Court of Appeal

UPDATE 26/2/16: permission to appeal from the Court of Appeal has been granted so the Court of Appeal judgment will not be the last word. Supreme Court grants our client @publiclawprojct permission tochallenge racially discriminatory Residence Test: h ...

26th November 2015 By

Is it lawful to detain immigration detainees in prisons?

The Court of Appeal says “yes”, it is generally lawful to detain immigration detainees in prisons rather than detention centres. The case is R (On the Application Of Idira) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 1 ...

24th November 2015 By

“Slavish” lodging of appeals against deportation determinations deplored by President of Upper Tribunal

In Greenwood (No. 2) (para 398 considered) [2015] UKUT 629 (IAC), the “Empire Strikes Back” style sequel to Greenwood (Automatic Deportation: Order of Events) [2014] UKUT 342 (IAC), President McCloskey gives guidance on the correct appro ...

23rd November 2015 By

Court of Appeal finds Home Office unlawfully detained child refugee

The case of Home Office v VS [2015] EWCA Civ 1142 discloses continued concerns about Home Office treatment of refugee children and sets clear guidelines on limits of power to detain children. The child was represented in the Court of Appeal by Stepha ...

6th November 2015 By

Court of Appeal gives judgment on the “deport first, appeal later” regime

The Court of Appeal has given judgment in the test case on the meaning and effect of the “deport first, appeal later” provisions of the Immigration Act 2014. The case is R (On the Application Of Kiarie) v The Secretary of State for the Hom ...

27th October 2015 By

Court of Appeal dismisses ETS challenges

Back in the day, One Direction enjoyed considerable success and dominated the reported charts. Without a picture in the attic, though, good fortune and good looks cannot last forever. Decline is inevitable. It can be embraced with dignity but this elu ...

29th September 2015 By

“Serious irreversible harm” test case heard in Court of Appeal

This week, Lord Justices Elias, Richards and McCombe sat in the Court of Appeal and heard the first test cases against Section 94B of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002. Section 94B, introduced by the Immigration Act 2014 and which came ...

25th September 2015 By

Precedent facts, standards of review and deception

It turns out that Zayn Malik, formerly of One Direction, knew how to quit while he was ahead. It is a rare talent not universally shared, as shown by a number of recent cases in the higher courts, one of the latest being R (On the Application Of Giri) ...

28th August 2015 By

Court of Appeal agrees that Detained Fast Track appeals are inherently unfair

In a judgment handed down this morning, the Court of Appeal has agreed with Nichol J’s earlier judgment in the High Court holding the Detained Fast Track appeal system to be inherently unfair. The new judgment is The Lord Chancellor v Detention ...

29th July 2015 By

When is Article 8 private and family life engaged?

The question of when family and private life exists in a legal sense is an increasingly important one in immigration law as it effectively determines whether a person has a right of appeal against refusal on an immigration application. The Court of Ap ...

3rd July 2015 By

Court of Appeal considers proper approach to family cases outside the Immigration Rules

The Court of Appeal turns its attention to the admission of family members outside the requirements of the Immigration Rules in the case of Secretary of State for the Home Department v SS (Congo) [2015] EWCA Civ 387. The judgment came out in April and ...

30th June 2015 By

What is a “reasonable period” for immigration detention?

In a short but powerful judgment the Court of Appeal has clarified the approach to continued detention on the basis that removal can be effected within a reasonable time. The decision is also important for the analysis of case law concerning detention ...

10th April 2015 By

Meaning of “totally without merit”

Normally, where an application for judicial review is made the first stage is for a judge to consider the grounds for judicial review and the acknowledgement of service and summary grounds of defence, then decide without holding a hearing whether per ...

19th March 2015 By