All Articles: unlawful detention

Removal to Afghanistan “most unlikely” in the next six months, says High Court

A High Court judge has granted immigration bail to an Afghan detainee and made findings which will be helpful to those representing other detainees seeking release during the COVID-19 crisis. The short judgment in (R) Khan v SSHD CO/1366/2020 provides ...

26th May 2020 By

Mixed messages on delays during detention from the High Court

R (SB (Ghana)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2020] EWHC 668 (Admin) is a successful unlawful detention claim in which the High Court was prepared to find a breach of the Hardial Singh principles notwithstanding the claimant ...

31st March 2020 By

Supreme Court: detention is unlawful if based on unlawful deportation order

The Supreme Court has found in the case of DN (Rwanda) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 7 that the detention of a Rwandan man facing deportation was unlawful because the deportation order on which detention was based was itself ...

26th February 2020 By

Don’t clog up the Admin Court with damages claims, warns Court of Appeal

The Court of Appeal in ZA (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 146 has made a plea to lawyers to transfer their wrongful detention claims to the Queen’s Bench Division or County Court once the detention issue h ...

17th February 2020 By

Home Office can detain migrants for up to five weeks after law requires that they be released

The Court of Appeal has given judgment in R (AC (Algeria)) v SSHD [2020] EWCA Civ 36. The case is about “grace periods” in unlawful detention claims.  A grace period, as described by Lord Justice Irwin in his judgment, is that period of time allo ...

28th January 2020 By

Home Office fails to disclose file note vital to unlawful detention case

Article 2(n) of the Dublin III regulation provides: Member States shall not hold a person in detention for the sole reason that he or she is subject to the procedure established by this Regulation. When there is a significant risk of absconding, Membe ...

5th December 2019 By

Supreme Court finds detention of asylum seekers unlawful

The Supreme Court has confirmed in the case of Hemmati v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] UKSC 56 that the detention of asylum seekers for their removal to other EU states under the Dublin Regulation was unlawful between 1 January 201 ...

27th November 2019 By

Court of Appeal demands individual proportionality assessments for EU citizens detained pending deportation

The Home Office cannot detain an EU citizen pending deportation without first considering whether detention is “proportionate and necessary” under EU law, the Court of Appeal has said in R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Depar ...

15th July 2019 By

European Court of Human Rights awards substantive damages for breach of detention policy

The European Court of Human Rights has developed Article 5 ECHR beyond domestic law and potentially created a dramatic increase in the amount of damages payable for unlawful detention caused by a breach of detention policy. VM v United Kingdom (No. 2) ...

1st May 2019 By

Only standard damages for unlawfully detained rough sleepers

In R (Majewski) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 473 (Admin) the High Court has concluded that EU citizens who were unlawfully detained solely because they were homeless should be paid damages at the normal rate. In the importa ...

5th March 2019 By

Home Office put eight-month-old baby with British citizenship in immigration detention centre

The High Court has allowed a Home Office appeal arguing that it is not necessarily unlawful to put British citizens in immigration detention. The judgment in Home Office v TR & Anor [2019] EWHC 49 (QB) concerned an eight-month-old baby detained ...

18th January 2019 By

Higher damages payable for unlawful detention caused by delay in providing bail accommodation

The High Court has ruled that a claimant is entitled to extra unlawful detention damages for frustration and anxiety where the Home Office fails to provide a release address. The guidance on this issue provided by R (Diop) v Secretary of State for th ...

31st December 2018 By

Failure to carry out proper medical assessment makes detention unlawful

This case is an unlawful detention claim based on shocking failures by the Home Office to comply with rules on how victims of torture and trafficking should be treated. In R (SW) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 2684 (Admin), t ...

25th October 2018 By

Split Court of Appeal finds that asylum seekers were unlawfully detained

Thousands of people may have been unlawfully held in immigration removal centres in recent years, the court of appeal has ruled. This opening sentence from a Guardian article the other day refers to the case of R (Hemmati & Ors) v Secretary of St ...

8th October 2018 By

Court prefers evidence of detention centre doctor in giving only nominal damages for a year’s unlawful detention

R (Aboro) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1436 (Admin) is an unlawful detention claim about how conflicting psychiatric evidence should be interpreted. The Secretary of State relied upon the evidence of a detention centre doct ...

26th June 2018 By

Woman denied passport, then detained for failure to leave UK

R (Eroje) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1010 (Admin) is a shocking story of Home Office incompetence which led to the unnecessary and unlawful detention of someone who had made repeated attempts to leave the UK voluntarily. ...

29th May 2018 By

High Court throws spanner in the works of automatic detention policy

The case of R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1045 (Admin) marks an important development in the law on the detention of European nationals pending deportation. The key finding is that the standards set out in the ...

21st May 2018 By

The limits of consent orders: agreement to consider something irrelevant has no effect

Ararso v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 845 is an unusual appeal about the extent to which the Home Office must take account of orders made in previous judicial review proceedings when deciding to re-detain someone. The Cou ...

10th May 2018 By

New definition of torture among detention policy changes coming in July

The government has tabled a number of adjustments to the rules on detention, to come into force this summer. The most significant is the changed definition of “torture” in the context of the detention of vulnerable people. Government force ...

8th May 2018 By

Risk of absconding is not a trump card in unlawful detention cases

Short and sweet is the best way to describe the High Court’s decision in BS v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 454 (Admin). It comes as a useful reminder that whether detention is “reasonable” depends on a ...

19th March 2018 By

Home Office penalised for conduct of litigation in unlawful detention case

A month ago, Free Movement reported on the detention of Abdulrahman Mohammed. He was awarded the substantial sum of £78,500 by the High Court after being detained unlawfully by the Home Office. In a subsequent judgment, the same court has increased t ...

18th December 2017 By

The Home Office continues to unlawfully impose curfews

Both R (Jollah) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No. 2) [2017] EWHC 2821 (Admin) and R (Lupepe) v SSHD [2017] EWHC 2690 (Admin) were heard on 11, 12 and 13 October 2017 by Mr Justice Lewis. It makes sense to look at them together becau ...

22nd November 2017 By

Home Office pays damages to man detained to protect its own reputation

Abdulrahman Mohammed was last week awarded £78,500 by order of a High Court judge. The career criminal had been detained unlawfully under immigration powers on three occasions by the Home Office for a total period exceeding a year. Unusually, with bo ...

14th November 2017 By