Upper Tribunal has power to set aside grant of judicial review permission

Unfortunately it sometimes happens that a claim entirely lacking in substantive merit gets into a procedural tangle which gives it an undeserved lease of life. The present case is an extreme example. – Lord Justice Leggatt The Court of Appeal ha ...

21st June 2019 By

Home Office wrong to apply its own Iraq asylum policy instead of country guidance case

SS v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 1402 (Admin) is about when the Home Office can legitimately apply its own policy instead of a country guidance decision from the Upper Tribunal. The High Court has ruled that it was irrationa ...

13th June 2019 By

Helpful case on when failure to claim asylum in a safe country damages credibility

Immigration judges must assess whether an asylum seeker had a reasonable opportunity to claim asylum in a safe third country before holding that a failure to do so should damage their credibility, the Court of Appeal has ruled. KA (Afghanistan) v Secr ...

12th June 2019 By

Subsidiary protection status must be revoked if granted in error

The Court of Justice of the European Union has confirmed that subsidiary protection status must be revoked by member states if they discover that it has been granted in error, even if the applicant did nothing to mislead the authorities. Case C‑720/ ...

4th June 2019 By

No exemption from NHS charges for human rights applicants

R (ERA) v Basildon And Thurrock Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust [2019] EWHC 1249 (Admin) is about whether someone who has applied for leave to remain in the UK on human rights grounds can get the same exemption from NHS charges as asylum seekers. The N ...

23rd May 2019 By

Is it lawful to put immigration detainees in solitary confinement?

This article is about the High Court and Court of Appeal decisions in the leading (and so far only) case on segregation in immigration detention. They are R (Muasa) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 2267 (Admin) and R (TM (Kenya ...

8th May 2019 By

European Court of Human Rights awards substantive damages for breach of detention policy

The European Court of Human Rights has developed Article 5 ECHR beyond domestic law and potentially created a dramatic increase in the amount of damages payable for unlawful detention caused by a breach of detention policy. VM v United Kingdom (No. 2) ...

1st May 2019 By

EU citizens retain worker status for six months after two weeks’ work

The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that EU nationals retain their status as workers for six months, even if they have only worked for two weeks in the host country. Case C‑483/17 Tarola v Minister for Social Protection concerned a ...

24th April 2019 By

Yet more guidance on automatic deportation

The Upper Tribunal has handed down two cases with guidance on a range of issues relating to the automatic deportation regime. In both cases the appellants sought to rely on statements from the Supreme Court in KO (Nigeria) and Others v Secretary of St ...

16th April 2019 By

Strasbourg rejects generic Iranian assurances about use of torture

The European Court of Human Rights has held that the extradition to Iran of a man accused of theft would breach Article 3 of the human rights convention despite the Iranian authorities providing an assurance that he would not be tortured. In GS v Bulg ...

15th April 2019 By

Court of Appeal approves controversial rule allowing Home Office to ignore appeal judgments

The Court of Appeal has transplanted the test for admitting new evidence in private law appeals into immigration law. Ullah v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 550 is about when the Home Office is allowed to ignore an appeal j ...

11th April 2019 By

Aggravated damages for unlawfully detained hunger striker

A rough sleeper from Poland has obtained extra damages for unlawful detention because he went on hunger strike in detention. Holownia v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 794 (Admin) is about the appropriate level of damages for EE ...

9th April 2019 By

How will Brexit affect Irish citizens in the UK?

The UK government’s policy is that Brexit will not affect Irish citizens at all. Other European citizens have to apply for a new “settled status” or risk losing their right to live and work in the UK after it leaves the European Union. But the g ...

8th April 2019 By

Challenge to £1 an hour pay rate for immigration detainees ruled out of time

The High Court has rejected a challenge to the £1 an hour pay rate for immigration detainees. Morita v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 758 (Admin) is the culmination of a longstanding battle between Duncan Lewis and the Home Of ...

29th March 2019 By

Home Office Right to Rent evictions exempt from the Equality Act

In R (Goloshvili) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 614 (Admin), the High Court has found that enforcement of the “Right to Rent” scheme involves discrimination on the grounds of nationality, but it is lawful because ...

20th March 2019 By

Revocation of innocent family member’s residence permit allowed but subject to proportionality test

In Case C‑557/17 Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie v Y.Z. and Others, the Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that EU law permits the revocation of falsely obtained family reunion residence permits, even when the individual di ...

18th March 2019 By

Judge suspends Home Office removal window policy

On 14 March the High Court suspended the Home Office’s removals policy. The decision means that the system of giving migrants “removal windows” within which they can be removed from the UK without warning will be halted for the time ...

18th March 2019 By

Dublin III detention regulations comply with EU law

The Court of Appeal has ruled that the regulations on the detention of asylum seekers subject to the Dublin III removal procedure comply with EU law. Background: detaining migrants before return to another EU country The International Protection (Dete ...

7th March 2019 By

Only standard damages for unlawfully detained rough sleepers

In R (Majewski) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 473 (Admin) the High Court has concluded that EU citizens who were unlawfully detained solely because they were homeless should be paid damages at the normal rate. In the importa ...

5th March 2019 By

Dublin III family reunion for refugees who have become British citizens

In a newly reported judgment the Upper Tribunal has quashed the Secretary of State’s decision to refuse a request from the Greek government to take charge of the asylum claims of a mother and her three children so they could reunite with the father, ...

21st February 2019 By

High Court finds that bail accommodation system is broken, declines to intervene

R (AC (Algeria)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 188 (Admin) is about how long the Home Office is allowed to delay providing accommodation following the grant of bail in principle by the First-tier Tribunal. Unfortunately, the ...

15th February 2019 By

Another Dubs amendment challenge ends in hollow victory

The High Court has ruled that the Home Office should have published its policy about transferring child asylum seekers to the UK from Calais earlier, but dismissed arguments about the substance of the policy. ZS v The Secretary of State for the Home D ...

24th January 2019 By

No damages for unlawful 13 year delay in deciding settlement application

In R (Mohamed) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 3547 (Admin), the High Court found that the Home Office had unlawfully delayed making a decision on an indefinite leave to remain application made by the claimant as a child. Frus ...

14th January 2019 By

Strasbourg court upholds deportation of Turkish man born and raised in Germany

In Cabucak v Germany (application no. 18706/16), the European Court of Human Rights dismissed a strong Article 8 claim to uphold a deportation order made against a serial drug-dealer. Mr Cabucak, who despite being a Turkish national was born and ...

8th January 2019 By

Higher damages payable for unlawful detention caused by delay in providing bail accommodation

The High Court has ruled that a claimant is entitled to extra unlawful detention damages for frustration and anxiety where the Home Office fails to provide a release address. The guidance on this issue provided by R (Diop) v Secretary of State for th ...

31st December 2018 By

Fast Track asylum appeals under an unlawful system were not necessarily unfair

The Court of Appeal has ruled that appeal decisions made using the 2005 Fast Track Rules are not necessarily unfair and unlawful, even though the procedural rules generated an inevitable risk of unfairness in a significant number of cases. This means ...

20th December 2018 By

Home Office cynically exploits tribunal’s immigration bail error

In Secretary of State for the Home Department v SM (Rwanda) [2018] EWCA Civ 2770 the Court of Appeal has ruled that an invalid grant of bail by the First-tier Tribunal has no legal effect. Under the old Immigration Act 1971 bail system the First-tier ...

12th December 2018 By

Advance NHS charges for overseas visitors comply with the Equality Act

The High Court has ruled that the regulations for charging non-residents in advance for non-urgent NHS treatment are lawful. In R (MP) v Secretary of State for Health and Social Care [2018] EWHC 3392 (Admin), decided yesterday, the court rejected a cl ...

11th December 2018 By

Deportation appeal allowed after five year legal battle

The Court of Appeal has allowed a deportation appeal because the appellant was able to demonstrate that the strength of his family and private life is a “very compelling circumstance” outweighing the public interest in deportation. Forrester v Sec ...

29th November 2018 By

Court of Justice says no real time limit for Dublin III re-examinations

In Joined Cases C‑47/17 and C‑48/17 X and X v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie, the Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that failure to respond to a re-examination request under the Dublin III procedure does not mean that ...

23rd November 2018 By

Pre-Immigration Act 2016 bail ends after an appearance before an immigration officer

R (Lucas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2541 is about re-detention following the grant of immigration bail by the First-tier Tribunal under the now repealed provisions of the Immigration Act 1971. The Court of Appeal rul ...

21st November 2018 By

Immigration Rules on humanitarian protection conflict with EU law

The Upper Tribunal has ruled that Paragraph 339C of the Immigration Rules fails to accurately transpose the requirements of the Qualification Directive governing the grant of humanitarian protection. The outcome means that asylum seekers who face seri ...

20th November 2018 By

Meek Court of Appeal takes Home Office at its word

In R (Safeer) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2518 the Court of Appeal has misdirected itself on how to approach factual disputes in the context of an application for judicial review. The error did not affect the result be ...

19th November 2018 By

Home Office “looking for reasons not to release” man suffering from severe mental illness

A judge has rebuked the Home Office for failing to release an asylum seeker despite receiving a “Rule 35” medical report stating that he was suffering from a severe mental illness which had deteriorated because of detention. In R (Bah) v S ...

7th November 2018 By

Court of Appeal says no conflict between old Afghan country guidance and Strasbourg case law

In ST (Afghanistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2382, the Court of Appeal has ruled that the First-tier Tribunal correctly applied both domestic and Strasbourg case law on international relocation to Kabul. The argumen ...

1st November 2018 By

Failure to carry out proper medical assessment makes detention unlawful

This case is an unlawful detention claim based on shocking failures by the Home Office to comply with rules on how victims of torture and trafficking should be treated. In R (SW) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 2684 (Admin), t ...

25th October 2018 By

High Court upholds Home Secretary’s decision to cancel passports of British citizens

This case demonstrates that possession of a British passport is precarious. Having a passport is a privilege, not a right, and the Home Secretary can exercise his power under the royal prerogative to cancel a passport if he thinks it is in the public ...

19th October 2018 By

Court of Appeal says statelessness must be proved on balance of probabilities

In AS (Guinea) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2234, the Court of Appeal has in effect rebuffed an attempt by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees to make it easier to establish statelessness. The court ruled that the sta ...

19th October 2018 By

Strasbourg litigants not a “particular social group” under the Refugee Convention

C‑652/16 Nigyar Rauf Kaza Ahmedbekova and Rauf Emin Ogla Ahmedbekov v Zamestnik-predsedatel na Darzhavna agentsia za bezhantsite is a novel attempt to introduce the status of being involved in a case before the European Court of Human Rights as a gr ...

15th October 2018 By

Help Refugees judgment: too little, too late for Calais children?

This is the second of two Court of Appeal cases this year about whether the Home Office behaved unlawfully towards vulnerable child asylum seekers during and after the demolition of the Calais refugee camp in 2016. The first appeal, R (Citizens UK) v ...

5th October 2018 By